Coffea Arabica Seeds (Arabian Coffee Seeds) Organic Tropical Fruit Seeds, NonGMO B5
Coffea Arabica is mostly known under the common name Arabian coffee, Brazilian coffee, or Kofi coffee and belongs to the Rubiaceae family, and originated in Ethiopia. Coffea Arabica is easy to grow indoors, makes a very attractive houseplant and if it likes you well enough, it will even reward you with flowers and berries! It is a terrific conversation piece! Arabica represents approximately 90 percent of the world's coffee production.
Coffee (Coffea Arabica Nana) - Wouldn't it be nice to grow your own coffee house plant from coffee seeds? Coffea arabica nana is a dwarf bush with beans that contain caffeine, theophylline and theobromine. The beans are dried, roasted, and ground, and then extracted with water to produce coffee. Coffea arabica is a species of coffee bush that produces arabica coffee, accounting for the majority of the coffee consumed in the world. This species of the bush is the oldest known bush to be cultivated for coffee production. Until the beginning of the 20th century, it was virtually the only type of tree from which coffee was harvested commercially.
The Arabica plant is an evergreen, typically large upright bush, or a small tree that can reach a height up to 20 feet or 3-5 ft in the container. On plantations, it is kept at a height of about 2-3 m (6 ft) to facilitate harvesting. After planting, the Arabica trees produce their first crop in three years and will be bearing fully at 7-8 years old. The Arabica plant can successfully produce fruits for about 40 years. Primary, non-renewable branches grow from the trunk at an average distance of 15 cm.
How to Sprout Coffee Seeds
Once you have your seeds, soak them in water for 24 hours, drain, and then sow in damp sand or wet vermiculite, or put the seed between moist coffee sacks. After you germinate coffee tree seeds, remove them from the medium. Place the seed flat side down in a hole made in loam soil with a high humus content to which rotted manure, bone meal or dried blood can be added. You can also try a lightweight, porous soil. Don’t press the soil down. Place ½ inch (1 cm.) of mulched grass atop to conserve moisture but remove it when the seed has germinated. Water seeds daily but not too much, just moist. Once your seeds have germinated, the plant can either be left or transplanted in a porous, low pH soil with a high nitrogen content. Orchid fertilizer may be used sparingly on the coffee plant to maintain the low pH and add minerals.
The Arabica plants have taproots that are not very deep. The bright green oval leaves are opposite, shiny on top and glossy dark on the underside. The branches carry bouquets of 5-10 small white flowers, in axillaries clusters, opening simultaneously during spring and summer. The white flowers have 5 petals with an odoriferous fragrance that spreads over the plantations. After 7-9 months, the flowers give way to the oval-elliptic coffee cherries, yellow to crimson when ripe and black upon drying, with two beans side-by-side. Each tree can produce 8-10 pounds of coffee a year, depending on climate conditions and other factors.
Hardiness Zones : 9-11 (-5c/25f, 4c/40f). The Arabica prefers partial shade and likes moist rich soil. The plant needs protection from frost. Give the roots room to grow. They tolerate a wide range of pH. but optimal pH has been suggested as 4.5-7.0.
The type of soil is not too important but good drainage is a must. This plant likes high humidity, so if in dry conditions, give it an occasional misting. When it is grown indoors, place it close to a bright window.
USDA Zones: 8 - 10
Height: 12 inches
Bloom Season: Mid-spring
Bloom Color: White
Environment: Partial shade
Soil Type: Well-drained soil with pH 6.1 - 6.5
Deer Resistant: Yes
House Plant: No
Latin Name: Coffea Arabica
Temperature: 80 - 85F
Average Germ Time: 60 - 90 days
Light Required: Yes
Depth: Sow seeds 1/2 inch deep
Sowing Rate: 1 seed per plant
Moisture: Soak seeds overnight before planting. Seeds should not be kept too moist and allowed to almost dry out between watering
Plant Spacing: 18 inches
Coffea Arabica - Grow Coffea arabica in different types of soil -- clay, sand, loam, acidic or alkaline -- as long as the ground is well aerated and the site provides partial shade. Build a 3 to 4 inch mulch ring around the coffee shrub. Use compost, grass clippings or other organic mulch to slow evaporation and suppress weeds. The matter also provides nutrients as it decomposes. Irrigate the plant to maintain the root zone moistly. Coffee plants have only moderate drought tolerance. Feed the Coffea arabica shrub an all-purpose, slow-release fertilizer in spring. Spread it around the plant's base according to the rates listed on the manufacturer's label. Water in the nutrient. Prune the shrub to control its height, especially if you plan to harvest the berries. Remove dead, diseased, and broken twigs. Make pruning cuts at 45-degree angles, 1/4 inch above buds. Slant the cut upward. Saw the trunks of old coffee shrubs back to 1 foot from the ground to rejuvenate the plants. Cover the cuts with pruning paint to prevent infection. The stems regrow with renewed vigor after a hard pruning
Germination Plant indoors before the last frost. Coffee seeds do not need a cold period to germinate. As soon as you receive them, they should be soaked in water for 24 to 48 hours. Then, plant the seeds at 3/4" depth in a deep pot, using a rich, moist, well-draining soil mix. Peat moss in the potting mix will help provide acid conditions. Keep the seedlings at 30C and provide bottom heat. The soil should be kept on the moist side, but never soggy and in filtered sunlight. The seeds need air circulation, so do not cover them with plastic. Raise the seedlings in shade for 6-12 months, and then harden them off to the sun. Germination should occur in about 60 days, but it can take longer. Be patient!
Food Coffee plants will produce fruit without any fertilizing whatsoever, but for best results and maximum yield, they should be fed every 2 weeks from March to October, and then monthly from November through February. Use a soluble, all-purpose (10-10-10) fertilizer. Pruning may involve simple pinching to produce a bushier plant, or you may go as far as cutting it way back... Right down to where only two branches near the bottom are left on it!
Scarification / Stratification No